Valves are used in just about anything today; they are in our homes, under the street, in commercial buildings and thousands of places including power and water plants, paper mills, refineries, chemical plants and other industrial and infrastructure facilities. The valve industry is genuinely broad-shouldered, with segments varying from water distribution to nuclear power to upstream and downstream oil and gas. Each of these end-user industries uses some kp-lok.com basic types of valves, one of which is the ball valves used in the gas refinery sector of the oil and gas industry.
A ball valve is a component having a rounded closure device with on/off control of flow function. The ball has a port, called a bore, through the middle. When the valve is in alignment in a similar direction with the pipeline, it assumes an open position and fluid flow through it. The bore is perpendicular to the direction of flow when rotated 90 degrees, this meaning the valve is in a closed position and will stop the fluid from passing through.
Oil and gas industry and ball valve application
When materials are combined, it means the ball valve is operable at lower than 200 degrees Celcius and higher than 500 degree Celsius. Mainly used for air, gases, and liquids, ball valves are quick to turn on and off and have a tight sealing with low torque.
The ball valves bring enormous advantages to the gas industry in the following ways:
- Ball valves are best for handling elusive gases. Valves are designed to control the free flow of fluid matter including gas, but when dealing with fugitive gases like helium, hydrogen, etc., there is the necessity to install a valve with the capability to handle and control them. This is one area where ball valves have made a significant impact in the gas industry.
- It makes the distribution of gas products possible. The gas industry impacts many lives at commercial, residential and industrial everyday need for gas products. If we consider the highly volatile nature of gas products, it will mean endangering the lives of people if the unsecured gas product is sent out in the manner we do today. But thanks to the secure work of ball valves that enable gas distributors deliver gas products to where it is needed securely.
- It makes gas distribution and operational costs tolerable. Products availability and reliability can considerably drive down operational costs in a gas distribution environment. Having a gas installation system with reliable fugitive emission performance will improve plant runtime, efficiency, and safety. The use of ball valves in delivering secure gas product to end users is a significant contribution to the oil and gas industry.
- Easy slip (in and out) convenience. Ball valves provide optimal sealing functions to make inflow and outflow of gas product a complete convenience better than any valve can offer. The ball valves design gives it total reliance on handling the gas matter on delivering high-quality products to end users.
Other advantages of ball valves in oil and gas include checking hydro cracking challenges, depressurizing. Proper valve design is an essential element in gas plant operations offering reliability and cost reduction efficiency.